Category: News

A Guide to Letterpress Wedding Invitations in Australia

Letterpress wedding invitations are truly a thing of beauty. If you compare it with a normal, digitally printed invitation, you could see that there is absolutely no comparison at all. The letterpress invitation is superior in every which way – quality, style, aesthetics, and a sense of uniqueness.

Resurgence of Letterpress Printing

Letterpress printing, in case you did not know, is the oldest method of printing. The technique was used by men of letters back in the days to print volumes and volumes of books, which we read till date. The printing process is quite labor intensive, as you have to arrange each and every letter in the text one by one. The raised surface is then coated with ink and pressed against a sheet of paper, which leaves an impression of the text on the paper.

Digital printing, on the other hand, is fast, instant, and requires very little work. So, it became the choice of printers all over the world in a short time. However, there has been a resurgence of letterpress printing in many countries around the world, including Australia. Many printers have combined letterpress with modern printing and created a unique amalgamation of printing method. Instead of metal or wooden plates, photopolymer plates are used for printing. These plates are a lot easier to use, maintain, repair, and replace than traditional metal or wooden plates. Thanks to the new method, printing letterpress invitations has become a whole lot easier and less cumbersome these days.

Advantages of Letterpress Printing

  • The impressions are so deep that you can actually feel by running your fingers across the surface of the invitation. There is a certain novelty factor involved in this type of printing, which cannot be explained unless you experience it yourself.
  • Letterpress printers in Australia usually use the highest quality paper to print invitations for special occasions. The printing technique works well with any type of paper – no matter how thick and heavy it is – including the extra stocky treeless cotton paper. It is not possible with digital printing.
  • Letterpress printing creates bold, crisp patterns that look spectacular on a wedding invitation. The quality of craftsmanship involved is such that it is virtually impossible to replicate it through digital printing.
  • When it comes to wedding invitations Australia is one of few countries that have still maintained the old school tradition of letterpress printing. Many printers here take pride in the fact that they play a role in preserving and propagating a traditional printing method that has continued to evolve through the centuries. So, by opting for letterpress cards and invitations, you are playing a part in keeping the tradition alive and supporting the printers who do the same.

Choosing the Right Wedding Invitation

If you have decided to opt for letterpress wedding invitations for your wedding, you are not alone. The printing technique is back in vogue and many couples are opting for the same due to the novelty factor and also the fact that the invitations are so aesthetically pleasing. Before you place your order, there are a few things you need to know.

  • Letterpress printing is more expensive than digital printing. So, your budget should be your primary concern. Make a list of letterpress printers in your city, talk to them, and ask them for a quote. Compare the quotes and choose one that suits your budget.
  • It also takes longer than flat printing. So, place your order well in advance. You cannot rush the printer at the last minute because there is nothing much he can do. The process is time-consuming and labor-intensive and the printer has to put in a lot of time and effort to get it perfectly made according to your specifications.
  • Try to get everything right the first time. Sit down with the graphic designer and tell him exactly what you want. Once the draft is ready, take a good look at it and let them know if there are any changes to be made. Making changes repeatedly is not an option with letterpress printing due to the laborious nature of the process.
  • Most printing presses in Australia have a catalogue of letterpress wedding invitations for you to choose from. If you want something truly unique, you can opt for a customized invitation, which will be designed and printed especially for you. It does, however, cost more than readymade invitations. If budget is not a constraint, you can definitely opt for bespoke invitations, which are a perfect choice for a truly special occasion like wedding.
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Kitchen Renovations Service At Calgary

The first step to kitchen renovations Calgary is collecting your ideas. Step two—Contact Cook Custom Homes and let us help you bring your vision to life! Our design team specializes in visual enhancements and turning a conceptual image into a realistic masterpiece.

Kitchens should be absolutely functional and aesthetically pleasing. Whether you want a simple or exquisite kitchen remodel, our accomplished remodelers have the knowledge and skills to complete the task, on time and within your budget. Even if you opt to upgrade your standard features instead of totally revamping, we offer accurate and efficient recommendations to suit your needs.

Showcase your style with decorative accents and stylish new designs that emphasize the unique features of your kitchen. We install windows, countertops, flooring, lighting, cabinets, and other necessary fixtures to fine-tune your kitchen’s distinctive qualities. Find pleasure in a setting that invites you to do more than just cook and prepare daily meals.

We create a warm atmosphere that openly welcomes your home each time you enter. Our custom kitchen designs also offer you the opportunity to converse, entertain, and spend random moments with family, without having to escape to a seemingly more relaxing area of your home.

The design and layout of your kitchen renovations Calgary project is extremely important. At Cook Custom Homes, we develop detailed examples for the strategic placement of cabinets, countertops, faucets, sinks, and quality name-brand appliances. Our staff provides approximate measurements and free quotes for a simple redo or a complete remodel. We also create flooring concepts to help you visualize the final result.

Center islands are a popular attraction in most modern kitchens. They are perfect for storing dishes, food preparation, and dining. Islands also offer spacious room for eating, as well as free counter space for excess decor. When you are in need of a dependable kitchen renovations Calgary company and top-notch, superior service, we are prepared to exceed your expectations.

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How to Buy the Best Postal Tubes at Affordable Prices?

Postal tubes are used for various purposes related to packaging. Packing and transporting of fragile items becomes easier with postal tubes. Delicate items can be packed properly before they are shipped to a different location. eCommerce website owners use postal tubes for packing and sending posters, maps, artwork, and blueprints. It is important to invest in high quality cardboard tubes to ensure safe delivery of the items. Important documents can be packed into mailing tubes before they are shipped. It ensures safe delivery of the rolled items.

Postal Tubes

Most of the reputed manufacturers offer postal tubes in different shapes and sizes. Look for trustworthy suppliers who sell tubes that are designed to perfection. Business owners should transport A3 or even A4 sized documents in mailing tubes. Search for professional finish postal tubes that are durable.

Environment-friendly postal tubes are the need of the hour. They come with secure end caps, and the mailed items can be protected at each and every step of the journey while transportation. Whether you need packaging solutions for electronics or medical applications, it is essential to buy the best quality cardboard tubes for packaging the supplies.

Some manufacturers and supplies offer customized postal tubes as per the customers’ exact requirements. Large sheets of cardboard and thick sheets of paper are cut into thin ribbons. They are spiral-bound and measured and cut into the tubes. Water-proof and water-resistant cardboard tubes are used for heavy-duty applications. One can look for the tubes that are resilient to humidity and can withstand high pressure and temperature. As cardboard is porous, the tubes can be used for various purposes.

Think of all the factors while buying postal tubes for your business. Discuss your requirements with a few experts and get suggestions. They would be able to provide you with the best suitable solutions matching your exact business needs. Paper tubes are available in different colors, designs, and patterns. You can get your business logo printed on the tubes. Look for light-weight and decorative cardboard tubes for packaging.

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Fake Grass Is Taking Over Calgary, And This Is Why You Need It

Artificial turf, artificial grass, synthetic lawn– call it what you want, but fake grass landscaping is starting to take over Calgary!

People are tired of mowing their lawns on a regular basis only to see dull,  yellow-patched grass that makes their whole yard look awful. Let’s face it, not everyone has the time or the passion for regular lawn care maintenance.

Enter artificial grass in Calgary. Not only is it zero maintenance, but it keeps your yard looking beautiful and lusciously green year-round. If you have children or pets, this is a great option. But as with anything that makes your life easier, it can be expensive.

Nonetheless, it’s a great investment for your property. Besides the aesthetic value it can give your home, people appreciate not having to water or mow their lawns.

Within the artificial turf realm, you have loads of options. There are many textures and grades that you can choose from depending on your personal needs.

Let’s take a deeper look.

History

The concept of fake grass originally came from a textile company, but the product was meant to be used for carpeting.

Today, new products have been tested and chemically treated so they are resistant to ultraviolet rays of the sun. This makes them wear-and-tear resilient against pet and children foot traffic, and fully applicable for residential landscaping Calgary.

Materiality

There are fibers in the synthetic turf, called blades, which essentially make up the “grass”.

Made from elements like nylon or polypropylene, these are manufactured in different ways for different applications to mimic fake grass.

Installation

Landscaping Calgary

Landscaping Calgary

When proposing artificial turf to Calgary residents, my clients often wonder why it’s so expensive. In their mind, we’re simply “rolling out carpet”, similar to sod.

The difference that many fail to realize is that unlike sod, proper landscaping Calgary practices require a solid 6”-8” aggregate base. This is more like the process involved in paving stones or concrete curbing. Excavation and grading to ensure proper drainage also allows it to become synthetic perfect turf.

Applications

I often recommend artificial turf in Calgary yards where home-owners who want luscious green lawn without worrying about maintenance.

In addition, clients who have pets that tend to make a mess benefit significantly from fake grass– even if it’s for a small area like a dog-run.

The most popular reason clients select fake grass is for putting greens.

Putting greens in Calgary have become a great landscape feature. Home-owners can finally have a place to ‘play’ as they entertain their guests. Golfers also now have the ability to practice their game in the convenience of their own backyard.

I will really try to push the fake grass concept to clients in my landscape design proposal if I feel that their lawn area is small or needs grass installed. Think about it, do you really want to bring out a lawn mower or hose for an 80, or even 150 square foot area?

If so, what are the chances it will be as green and appear as healthy as the synthetic form I propose?

However, there is also something about natural grass that some clients prefer: the “connection to earth”, if you will.

I honestly can’t say if playing in natural grass or mud – as doctors tell us – built my immune system at an early age.

The choice is yours nonetheless. The benefits are there!

If you’re looking to keep your lawn a maintenance-free one and aesthetically superior, I would highly recommend it. On the other hand, if budget is a concern and/or if you enjoy the natural look and feel of the outdoors, stick to regular sod.

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Onsite Caravan for Sale

Looking for the best Victorian Onsite Caravan for Sale

Do you live in Victoria and enjoy going on holidays with your family to Caravan Parks? While you have been on your last Caravan Park holiday you may have seen an On site Caravan for Sale. Many Caravan Parks have a dedicated area for Caravans that are permanently based on the park all year round.

The owners of these Caravans like the Caravan Park and have decided that they would like to come back on a regular basis for many years. They may have young children and as they grow up the Caravan Park is a nice place for the kids to explore. It may be also older people who want a nice affordable holiday home that they can leave their holiday things in and come back and forth with ease. Owning an Onsite Caravan allows you to save the hassle of towing your Caravan in and out of the Caravan Park for each holiday.

If you are interesting in looking at an Onsite Caravan for Sale then you may wonder where you should start your search. You first thought may be the beach locations but a lot people don’t realise that you can find a great Onsite Caravan for Sale also in regional Victorian locations with a river  or lake experience. There are On-site Caravans for Sale in Echuca about two and half hours drive from Melbourne and there are also some fantastic On site Caravans for sale on Lake Eildon about 3 ½ hours from Melbourne.

Echuca

Onsite Caravan for Sale

There is a lot of exciting activities to explore and do in Echuca. Echuca is located on the mighty Murray River and with that comes plenty of history. A famous attraction in Echuca is the old paddle steamers. Back in the mid 1800’s two captains raced up the Murray River and ended up in Swan Hill. In 1860, 17 paddleboats traded there products up the river with Echuca having a population of 300. Ten years later the population exploded to 1600 and 240 paddleboats were trading in all sorts of goods particularly wool. Just before the turn of the century railways started to link the river town to the large cities and the paddle steamers no longer were used. Now you can enjoy the paddle steamers as an attraction with several offering enjoyable river cruises.

For people looking at On-site Caravans for Sale in Echuca the biggest draw card are the water sports. The Murray River offers a perfect location for waterskiing, wakeboarding and knee boarding. There are many operators that can take you on their speed boat for the day or you can use your own boat and enjoy the surroundings.

Lake Eildon

If you live in Victoria and you are keen on water sports then Lake Eildon is perfect. You can find many On site Caravans for Sale in Lake Eildon that appeal to water sports enthusiasts.

Interestingly enough Lake Eildon is Victoria’s the most popular inland for boating activities. 55% o water activities happen in Port Phillip Bay and Coastal areas and only 20% takes place on the Murray River leaving 42% in inland waters and 25% taking pace on Lake Eildon.

The famous Aussie movie – The Castle had a scene on Lake Eildon, the family was staying at Bonnie Doon a township on Lake Eildon. You may want to recreate the movie by owning your own piece of Lake Eildon. There are plenty of On site Caravans for Sale in Lake Eildon to consider.

When people search for an Onsite Caravan for Sale they firstly think of coastal areas and they forget that there are some great regional river and lake regions to consider. The crowds are less and the price is more affordable. Take a look at an Onsite Caravan for Sale in regional Victoria now. You can find a perfect Onsite Caravan for Sale on the Holidaylife.com.au.

Biography

Julian Rembrandt has spent the last 10 years in the hotel industry across Australia and Asia. Permanent Onsite Caravans have been around for many decades but the knowledge about how to make the right purchase decision has been limited. Julian helps to educate people on the best ways to go about owning an Onsite Caravan. Julian Rembrandt owns and operates Holidaylife.com.au, a listing site for Onsite Caravan for Sale.

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Custom Plastic Molding Service

SK Plastics has a unique 5 stage product development process for injection custom plastic injection moulding. As one of Australia’s leading plastic manufacturers and suppliers, SK Plastics has the capabilities to create products at any stage of the process. Be it during initial design, 3D prototyping or final testing, our qualified manufacturers can assist with custom plastic injection moulding and product development.

Our comprehensive plastic injection moulding process encompasses both design and manufacture; products developed in our Australian factory. SK Plastics is committed to innovative plastic design and manufacture, and as such, has industry standard CNC plastic machines to produce products and tools of the highest quality.

SK Plastics will work with you to take your ideas and turn them into workable, profitable products.

Concept Design

SK Plastics understands the initial concept and design is integral to the overall product, which is why we aim to thoroughly discuss your ideas and what you wish to achieve. Our experienced plastic manufacturers will work with you to formulate your custom plastic injection moulding and provide a quote based on your requirements. SK Plastics has the expertise to assist with the initial concept or refine predefined ideas. As one of Australia’s leading plastic suppliers and manufacturers, SK Plastics can take simple concepts through a process to ensure visibility, price efficient course of action and ease of manufacture.

Component Design

Once our experienced designers have assisted with the custom plastic injection moulding concept, the component will be designed into compelling 3D drawings. SK Plastics works alongside you to ensure you are visibly satisfied with the design. Initial concepts are converted to 3D drawings to provide significant, visible information and ensure component design issues are identified and resolved prior to custom plastic injection moulding. SK Plastics commitment to our customers means we do not progress to the next stage unless you are completely happy with the component design.

Models and Prototyping

SK Plastics uses up to date software and technology to ensure our plastic injection moulding is of the highest standard. During this stage, our experienced plastic injection designers will utilise the latest Solid Works 3D software to create a three dimensional drawing of your product for approval.

Once the model has been finalised and approved, our experienced plastic manufacturers will suggest an appropriate prototype method. SK Plastics has five prototype methods including:

  1. Stereolithography.
  2. Selective Laser Sintering.
  3. CNC/Machining.
  4. RTV/Machining
  5. Tooling.
custom plastic injection moulding

Custom Plastic Injection Moulding

Prototyping methods will differ, depending on the type of custom plastic injection moulding product. Our qualified staff will offer advice on the correct method for your intended application. SK Plastics will ensure your plastic products are thoroughly tested before manufacture to avoid any problems upon completion.

Tool Design and Mould Making

SK Plastics offers a niche product range and can design any tool you may require. With over 20 years’ experience in plastic injection design and manufacture, SK Plastics will ensure your plastic product meets industry expectations.

Our tool making department boasts the latest plastic machinery; each functioning for optimum manufacture. SK Plastics uses plastic machines with CNC, EDM and manual functions to produce high quality injection custom plastic injection moulding.

Testing and Production Injection Moulding

Once the injection mould tool manufacture is complete, a series of testing and trials is commenced. Trails are undertaken to determine whether the product is functioning to its required standard. Upon completion of the trialling process, SK Plastics will provide off-tool samples for your product for approval and testing. This includes testing for strength, durability, functionality and more. Once testing and trialling is complete, the product will be ready for injection custom plastic injection moulding.

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commercial concrete coatings

Innovative Commercial Coating Solution for Airport Infrastructure

Melbourne Airport (Asia Pacific Airport Corporation – Melbourne [APAM]) commenced a beautification program of works to the existing Melbourne Airport Terminals 1, 2 and 3 in the middle of 2016. As part of the program existing concrete infrastructure, including building facades, pedestrian bridges, elevated roads, carpark ramps and overpasses required painting to strict specifications.

The APAM concrete infrastructure beautification program required conformance to a challenging timeframe and could not interrupt airport operations.

PrimoGuard decorative coatings were chosen over competitive systems, due to a number of considerations including; no disruption to airport operations, fast application time, application in low temperature environment, and surety of completion to timelines,and previous experience and with PrimoGuard on airport bridges and overpasses.

Nanokote was engaged to supply and install PrimoGuard coatings to approximately 30,000 square metres of infrastructure, being building facades, pedestrian bridges, elevated roads, carpark ramps and overpasses.

The PrimoGuard application program required assessment of the existing concrete infrastructure (some of which was up to 40 years old), development of a detailed works program, and selection of optimal application methodologies (brush, roll and spray) in order to satisfy the customers requirements.

By working flexible work hours, throughout days and nights, with multiple application crews deployed to separate work fronts in order to avoid disruption to passengers and airport operations, Nanokote was able to successfully complete the beautification coating program within eight weeks.

Nanokote was able to minimize impacts to passengers and airport operations because PrimoGuard there was no requirement for the applicators to return to the work area more than once, allowing:

  • Application work to be undertake quickly
  • Minimal application interruptions due to changes and adverse weather
  • No disruption to airport and passenger traffic
  • No disruption to passengers and pedestrians in peak periods
  • Standard access equipment to be employed
  • Flexibility of moving from one work areas to another to suit operational needs
  • Substitute PrimoGuard for other coating systems on metal substrates.
  • PrimoGuard offers the following advantages to the airport :
  • Surface water ingress into the concrete is prevented, due to the PrimoGuard coating properties.
  • Existing lighting outside the Terminal entries became more effective due to the reflectivity of the coating (possibility to reduce the electricity use)
  • Concrete surfaces became easier to clean(possibly to reduce labour time)
  • concrete protective coatings less susceptible to damage from high pressure cleaning, due to the extremely strong adhesion of PrimoGuard to the concrete.

Nanokote has been working with government authorities and private asset owners, along with specifiers around the world for more than eight years as need for next generation commercial concrete coatings materials has expanded. Best practices to achieve cost efficient design, enhanced service life, reduced maintenance costs have continued to be focal points for major infrastructure asset owners.

PrimoGuard is a single coat system for anticarbonation and anti-corrosion requiring no priming that allows a single coat to be directly applied to dry or damp concrete.
This replaces typical competitor coating systems requiring three-coats: primer and two separate coats of acrylic applied 24 hours apart.

Single coat application offers for major savings when carrying out works on infrastructure where 24 hour operations exist and no disruption to operations and passengers are required.

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functional coatings

Functional Coating Solution for Airport Infrastructure

Melbourne Airport (Asia Pacific Airport Corporation – Melbourne [APAM]) commenced a beautification program of works to the existing Melbourne Airport Terminals 1, 2 and 3 in the middle of 2016. As part of the program existing concrete infrastructure, including building facades, pedestrian bridges, elevated roads, carpark ramps and overpasses required painting to strict specifications.

The APAM concrete infrastructure beautification program required conformance to a challenging timeframe and could not interrupt airport operations.

PrimoGuard decorative coatings were chosen over competitive systems, due to a number of considerations including; no disruption to airport operations, fast application time, application in low temperature environment, and surety of completion to timelines,and previous experience and with PrimoGuard on airport bridges and overpasses.

Nanokote was engaged to supply and install PrimoGuard coatings to approximately 30,000 square metres of infrastructure, being building facades, pedestrian bridges, elevated roads, carpark ramps and overpasses.

The PrimoGuard application program required assessment of the existing concrete infrastructure (some of which was up to 40 years old), development of a detailed works program, and selection of optimal application methodologies (brush, roll and spray) in order to satisfy the customers requirements.

By working flexible work hours, throughout days and nights, with multiple application crews deployed to separate work fronts in order to avoid disruption to passengers and airport operations, Nanokote was able to successfully complete the beautification coating program within eight weeks.

Nanokote was able to minimize impacts to passengers and airport operations because PrimoGuard there was no requirement for the applicators to return to the work area more than once, allowing:

  • Application work to be undertake quickly
  • Minimal application interruptions due to changes and adverse weather
  • No disruption to airport and passenger traffic
  • No disruption to passengers and pedestrians in peak periods
  • Standard access equipment to be employed
  • Flexibility of moving from one work areas to another to suit operational needs
  • Substitute PrimoGuard for other coating systems on metal substrates.
  • PrimoGuard offers the following advantages to the airport :
  • Surface water ingress into the concrete is prevented, due to the PrimoGuard coating properties.
  • Existing lighting outside the Terminal entries became more effective due to the reflectivity of the coating (possibility to reduce the electricity use)
  • Concrete surfaces became easier to clean(possibly to reduce labour time)
  • concrete protective coatings less susceptible to damage from high pressure cleaning, due to the extremely strong adhesion of PrimoGuard to the concrete.

Nanokote has been working with government authorities and private asset owners, along with specifiers around the world for more than eight years as need for next generation functional coatings materials has expanded. Best practices to achieve cost efficient design, enhanced service life, reduced maintenance costs have continued to be focal points for major infrastructure asset owners.

PrimoGuard is a single coat system for anticarbonation and anti-corrosion requiring no priming that allows a single coat to be directly applied to dry or damp concrete.

This replaces typical competitor coating systems requiring three-coats: primer and two separate coats of acrylic applied 24 hours apart.

Single coat application offers for major savings when carrying out works on infrastructure where 24 hour operations exist and no disruption to operations and passengers are required.

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5 Important Things to Consider While Installing Glass Pool Fencing Brisbane

If you are thinking of installing a fence around your pool, glass fence in Brisbane can be a good option. When it comes to glass pool fencing  Brisbane, safety is of utmost importance. You can keep your young kids and pets away from the pool at your home by installing the right fence around the pool.

The first thing you should consider is the type of glass you want to install. Make sure that you install the right kind of glass fence that matches the Australian standards. Stay away from inferior quality of glass and materials.

We would throw some light on the tips to select the best glass pool fencing Brisbane:

Thickness of the Glass Panels for the Fence

There are different types of glass panels available in the market. The most common thickness of the glass panels for fence is 6mm to 12mm. You can purchase customised panels depending on your requirements. You can look for frameless glass installations for your pool. Thicker glass panels would be able to withstand high wind loads and windy as well as stormy weather conditions also.

Height & Width of Pool

You need to contact glass pool fencing companies in Brisbane to get the exact specifications for the glass pool. Typically, pool fences stand 1200mm high. You can opt for semi-frameless glass pool fence panels or frameless panels depending upon your preference.

glass pool fencing brisbane

glass pool fencing brisbane

Choose High Quality Hardware

You may need to consider buying high quality hardware for installing glass pool fencing. This helps to reduce the longevity of the fence. Look for premium fittings and hardware for an elegant look and feel for your swimming pool.

Custom Glass Panels

If you have any specific requirements, you can look for experts to customise the glass fences matching your exact requirements and budget. It can be a good idea to contact a few agencies and get ideas for glass pools. Though standard shapes and sizes of the glass pool fencing are considered to be cost effective option, you can opt for custom fences if you need special designs or styles for fences. Tailor-made glass pool fence may cost you some extra money, but you would be able to make your pool stand out of the competition.

Contact the Glass Fencing Experts

There are several glass pool fencing companies and individuals in Brisbane Australia offering different designs, styles, and sizes of the fences. You can get detailed quotes from a few reputed agencies and compare them. Spend some time to do research and make the right decision.

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How Houses Were Cooled Before Air Conditioning

The need to find a method for cooling a house in a hot climate is nothing new. With the use of systems for heating and cooling, Melbourne residents have demonstrated their willingness to look for effective solutions. Throughout history, there has been a range of methods and approaches for keeping cool.

How older civilisations kept cool

The ancient Egyptians hung dampened reeds over their windows and they also placed pots filled with water in their passageways. The ancient Romans used internal courtyards, sometimes with gardens and pools of water, to promote a flow of cooling air through their buildings.

In the Middle East, wind catchers were a common architectural technique that would improve airflow through buildings and help keep them cool. Sometimes these were used in conjunction with water pools, where the air would flow through the wind catcher down over the water where it would cool, before flowing through the rest of the property.

Mud bricks were a commonly used material for building houses and these act as a very effective insulator. They were often made with straw to help keep the integrity of the brick and to improve their resistance to weather. This ensured also that they were very good at keeping the heat out. In recognition of this, mud bricks are used quite regularly now in designs that are utilising passive specialised heating and cooling techniques.

In Malta, they recognised that by building their houses with very thick walls and small windows they were able to reduce the amount of heat that came into the property during the hot day. In Greece, they painted their properties white to reflect a lot of the heat that came from the sun. In Spain, fountains and pools as well as deep set windows helped to reduce the impact of the summer sun.

Modern cooling solutions in Melbourne

For specialised heating and cooling, Melbourne has always been looking for the best solutions. To deal with the hot summer sun we experience, there were some design innovations such as large sleeping porches and wide overhanging roofs that protected the windows from the sun. In addition, the windows were often made small to reduce the amount of heat that would be able to flow into the living environment. The large overhanging roof on the verandah provided protection from the sun, but also made it possible to keep doors and windows open even when it was raining.

For houses in Australia that had external verandah space, there was the development of the sleep out. Many houses in summer would tend to retain heat inside, particularly on nights when there was little air flow so that it would be cooler outside of the building. The idea behind this was to create a space on the verandah where people were able to sleep in the cooler night air while still having the protection of the roof. It was often surrounded by flyscreen mesh walls to keep insects away or was semi-enclosed with thin walls and windows to provide greater privacy. It was possible to hang hammocks or to have sleeping beds in the space.

One of the largest access points to a house were the doors. In Australia, there are many flyscreen doors that have been developed so that it is possible to leave doors open and at the same time preventing the entry of flying insects, particularly flies. Some of these had spring mechanisms attached to make them self-closing. Some of them had special metal frames built in to make them security doors as well. In other places, they used long strings of beads or long strips of coloured materials that would hang down from the top of the doorway. This allowed easy access and the flow of air while still preventing the entry of flies without the need for an opening and closing screen door.

The development of secure windows that could be opened as well as be fitted with a flyscreen ensured that it was possible to have windows open during the evening and the night when air temperatures had dropped. By having them open on different sides of the property, it was possible to have a cooling flow of air through the house.

Block-out curtains

Inside the house, people would use block-out curtains on the windows. This would prevent the heat from being able to flow into the living environments during the day. These curtains could then be drawn in the evening and the windows opened to allow the cooler air to flow through.

High ceilings

It was identified that hot air rises, so to help reduce the heat levels in living areas the ceilings were made higher in some houses. This is quite effective in allowing the cooler air to flow through the lower parts of these rooms.

Balconies

With the development of apartment blocks in the city, these were sometimes provided with balconies that could offer some protection for the living areas from the sun. In addition, some buildings took advantage of external blinds or awnings over windows that were able to reduce the impact of the sun.

Ancient cooling techniques are still being used

Some modern buildings are now being designed to take advantage of the cooling techniques from ancient architecture.

In Rajasthan, a modern architecture company developed a property with traditional exterior styling that provides valuable cooling protection for the building, open courtyards within the building to promote airflow, and a large pool of water on the lowest level that helps to cool the air through evaporation while providing a decorative element. It includes a double skin for exterior walls based on a traditional building method that provides a buffer from the heat. The use of these techniques substantially reduces the need for the use of modern air conditioning systems.

In Dubai, an engineer has taken the traditional wind tower design and is combining it with modern refrigerant technology to create a zero-energy cooling system.

Australian architects have been using passive cooling elements in designs for many years, particularly in the northern parts of our country. In Melbourne, there has been a recognition of the benefits of doing this to reduce the need for the use of cooling systems and minimise the costs of keeping a house cool in summer.

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